ISO 9001:2015 is an internationally recognized standard that provides a framework for establishing and maintaining a quality management system (QMS) to ensure customer satisfaction through the delivery of products and services that meet customer requirements and expectations. It emphasizes risk-based thinking and the use of data and evidence-based decision-making to support continuous improvement and the achievement of organizational goals. The standard is used by organizations of all sizes and types, in both the public and private sectors, and is recognized globally as a benchmark for quality management.
AS9100D is an international standard that specifies the requirements for a quality management system (QMS) in the aerospace industry. It is based on ISO 9001, but it includes additional requirements specific to the aerospace industry such as those related to safety, flight worthiness, and compliance with regulatory requirements. It is intended to be used by organizations throughout the aerospace supply chain, including manufacturers, suppliers, and service providers. It includes requirements for risk management, configuration management, and continuous improvement. The standard is intended to help organizations demonstrate their ability to provide products and services that consistently meet customer and regulatory requirements and improve their performance in the aerospace industry.
ISO 13485:2016 is an international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management system (QMS) in the medical device industry. It is designed to help organizations demonstrate their ability to manufacture medical devices and perform related services that consistently meet customer and regulatory requirements. The standard addresses the design, development, production, installation, and servicing of medical devices and related services. It is intended to be used by organizations regardless of their size or type, and it is suitable for use by both manufacturers and suppliers of medical devices. The standard is also aligned with other international standards such as ISO 9001, and it can be used in conjunction with regulatory requirements for medical devices.
NADCAP (National Aerospace and Defense Contractors Accreditation Program) includes a specific accreditation for the welding process. This accreditation program is designed to provide an independent assessment of the capabilities of suppliers who provide welding services to the aerospace and defense industries. The program is based on industry-developed and internationally recognized standards such as AWS (American Welding Society) D17.1, ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) IX and ISO 9606. The objective of NADCAP welding accreditation is to ensure that suppliers consistently produce parts and materials that meet the required specifications and standards for the welding process. The program is intended to provide a level of quality assurance that goes beyond the traditional supplier surveillance and inspection methods.
AC7004 is a specification similar to AS/EN/JISQ9100 but designed for smaller companies operating in the field of Aerospace. It allows for high levels of quality and competition with more prominent aerospace manufacturers without the high audit costs of AS/EN/JISQ9100. It covers much of the same material as AS/EN/JISQ 9100, in that it is a comprehensive QMS standard.
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is a set of US government regulations that control the import and export of defense-related articles, services, and technical data. These regulations were put in place to prevent the transfer of sensitive military technology or information to foreign countries and organizations that may pose a national security threat to the United States. Under ITAR, certain items and technologies are considered “defense articles” and require a license from the US Department of State to be exported or disclosed to foreign nationals. Failure to comply with ITAR can result in severe penalties, including fines and imprisonment. ITAR has a broad reach and applies to companies of all sizes that work in the defense industry, including manufacturers, exporters, and brokers of defense-related items.
NIST SP 800-171
NIST SP 800-171 is a set of security guidelines issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that outline the requirements that contractors must follow in order to handle and protect Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). CUI is information that is sensitive but not classified, and it includes data related to defense, law enforcement, finance, and other areas. NIST SP 800-171 provides a framework for protecting CUI in non-federal information systems and organizations that handle CUI on behalf of the federal government. The guidelines cover areas such as access control, incident response, system maintenance, and personnel security.
AMS 2680 covers electron beam welding in fatigue-critical applications. The standard specifies that all welds be full-penetration welds to avoid stress concentrations and that procedures are designed to minimize porosity and other weld defects. It is the standard used for welds when “the failure of which could cause loss of the aerospace vehicle or one of its major components, loss of control, or significant injury to occupants of a manned aerospace vehicle, but usage is not limited to such applications. It covers requirements such as the vacuum level required for welding, specifics of non-destructive testing, and the acceptable amounts of defects like underfill and undercut.
AMS 2681 covers the procedures and requirements for the joining of metal parts using the electron beam welding process in non-fatigue critical applications. It covers requirements such as level of vacuum, underfill and undercut, etc. Overall it is not as demanding a specification as AMS 2680 and is more lenient on the acceptance of welds with defects.
AWS D17.1:2017, Specification for Fusion Welding for Aerospace Applications, is a standard from the American Welding Society (AWS) that provides the requirements for fusion welding and non-destructive examination of aerospace flight hardware as well as non-flight hardware. The standard covers the design, procedure and personnel qualifications, and testing requirements for welded aerospace assemblies. The standard is intended to ensure that welding is done in a consistent and controlled manner in order to produce parts and materials that meet the required specifications and standards. AWS D17.1:2017 is widely used in the aerospace industry as well as other industries that require high-quality welding standards.
Superseded by AWS D17.1:2017, the scope of this document is to provide minimum requirements for weld filler materials, workmanship, inspection and record requirements for fusion welding of alloys applicable to aircraft, missiles, other aerospace equipment, their parts and accessories.
MIL-STD-1595A has been replaced by AWD D17.1:2017. This standard establishes the procedure for qualification of welders and welding operators engaged in the welding of aircraft, missiles, other aerospace equipment, and their parts and accessories by fusion welding processes. This standard is applicable to aircraft, missile, and aerospace ground support equipment or other welding, when included in the contracting documents or when invoked in the absence of a specified welder qualification document.
AMS-STD-1595A has been replaced by AWD D17.1:2017. This standard establishes the procedure for qualification of welders and welding operators engaged in the welding of aircraft, missiles, other aerospace equipment, and their parts and accessories by fusion welding processes. This standard is applicable to aircraft, missile, and aerospace ground support equipment or other welding, when included in the contracting documents or when invoked in the absence of a specified welder qualification document.
MIL-STD-202G establishes uniform methods for testing electronic and electrical component parts, including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military operations, and physical and electrical tests. The specification is intended for smaller components weighing up to 300 pounds or having a root mean square test voltage of up to 5,000 volts unless otherwise specifically required. It’s intended to specify suitable conditions obtainable in the laboratory that give test results equivalent to the actual service conditions existing in the field and to obtain reproducibility of the results of tests.
This standard establishes uniform methods, controls, and procedures for testing microelectronic devices suitable for use within Military and Aerospace electronic systems including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military and space operations; mechanical and electrical tests; workmanship and training procedures; and such other controls and constraints as have been deemed necessary to ensure a uniform level of quality and reliability suitable to the intended applications of those devices. This standard only applies to microelectronic devices and is intended to specify suitable conditions obtainable in the laboratory and at the device level which give test results equivalent to the actual service conditions existing in the field and to obtain reproducibility of the results of tests.
ASTM E1417-16 establishes the minimum requirements for conducting liquid penetrant examination of nonporous metal, and nonmetal components. The penetrant examination processes described in this practice are applicable to in-process, final, and maintenance (in-service) examinations. These processes are applicable for the detection of discontinuities, such as lack of fusion, corrosion, cracks, laps, cold shuts, and porosity, that are open or connected to the surface of the component under examination.
ASTM E1742-18 establishes the minimum requirements for the radiographic examination of metallic and nonmetallic materials. The criteria for the radiographic examination in the specification are applicable to all types of metallic and nonmetallic materials. The requirements expressed in the specification are intended to control the quality of the radiographic images and are not intended to establish the acceptance criteria for parts and materials. The specification doesn’t cover the safety precautions that should be taken when performing the inspection.
ISO 14644-1:2015 is an international standard that provides specifications for the classification of air cleanliness in cleanrooms and controlled environments. The standard outlines the requirements for air cleanliness in terms of the maximum allowable concentration of particles in the air, based on the size of the particles. It also provides guidance on the methods of testing and monitoring air cleanliness, as well as the requirements for the design, construction, and operation of cleanrooms and cleanroom facilities.
U.S. Federal Standard 209E
U.S. Federal Standard 209E (FS 209E) was a standard that establishes standard classes, and provides for alternative classes, of air cleanliness for cleanrooms and clean zones based on specified concentrations of airborne particles. It prescribes methods for verifying air cleanliness and requires that a plan be established for monitoring air cleanliness. It also provides a method for determining and describing concentrations (U descriptors) of ultrafine particles.
ISO 10012:2003 specifies generic requirements and provides guidance for the management of measurement processes and metrological confirmation of measuring equipment used to support and demonstrate compliance with metrological requirements. It specifies quality management requirements of a measurement management system that can be used by an organization performing measurements as part of the overall management system, and to ensure metrological requirements are met.
MIL-C-45662A is a specification that establishes the requirements for the establishment and maintenance of a calibration system to control the accuracy of measuring and test equipment (M&TE) and measuremen~ standards used to assure that supplies and services delivered to the Government comply with prescribed technical requirements. It also includes requirements for the management and control of TMDE, including the identification, storage, and maintenance of equipment. MIL-C-45662A has been superseded by ISO 10012:2003.
MIL-I-45208A is considered a general quality system requirement for suppliers that provide products or services to the Department of Defense and its contractors. The standard applies to the inspection, testing, and quality control of products, materials, and services procured by the Department of Defense. It sets out the requirements for the organization, procedures, and resources necessary to ensure that products, materials, and services meet specified requirements and are free from defects. The standard also lays out the responsibilities and authorities of the various personnel involved in the quality assurance program, including suppliers, manufacturers, and government representatives. MIL-I-45208A has been cancelled without a replacement document specified.